Library Selection 5 - FtM Transsexuals, Aphallia & Micropenis

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Library Selection 1 - Kruijver et al,2000 and others Abstracts and Free Full Papers
Library Selection 2 - Aphallia & Sissyboys
Library Selection 3 - Transsexual Hormone Therapy (HRT)
Library Selection 4 - Hormones and the primate Brain... humans and non humans... USA studies.
Library Selection 5 - FtM Transsexual, Aphallia & Micropenis
Library Selection 6 - AR testosterone-DHT selectivity; Transgenders and Crossdressers
Library Selection 7 - AR testosterone-DHT selectivity; Torres & Jurberg Hypothesis
Library Selection 8 - SF-1 and DAX-1 papers
Library Selection 9 - Dörner....and the brain sexual differentiation
Library Selection 10 - Imperato_McGinley...and T action for the gender identity masculinization
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See below some wonderful paper abstracts and sometimes FREE FULL PAPERS!.

See interesting papers about neophallus construction and phallus size increasing
1: Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2003 Mar;24(1):100-5. Related Articles, Links
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Medical advances in transsexualism and the legal implications.

Harish D, Sharma BR.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Chandigarh, India.

Transsexualism is a condition wherein an individual's psychological gender is the opposite of his or her anatomic sex. The general belief now among behavioral scientists and physicians is that it is an identifiable and incapacitating disease, which can be diagnosed and successfully treated by reassignment surgery in carefully selected patients. Although many advances have been made in the reassignment surgery techniques, phalloplasty still remains a major challenge; to date, no ideal technique has been developed. The new gender created by the reassignment surgery has, in turn, led to many legal complications for postoperative transsexuals because states and the judiciary have not recognized the new gender. However, with wider acceptance of transsexuals by society, this outlook has changed for the better, with many states amending their laws in accordance with the advances in medical sciences. But in many developed and the developing countries, transsexuals are not given a legal identity, thereby adding to their agonies and miseries.

PMID: 12605009 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
1: J Urol. 2003 Jan;169(1):221-3. Related Articles, Links
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Obtaining rigidity in total phalloplasty: experience with 35 patients.

Hoebeke P, de Cuypere G, Ceulemans P, Monstrey S.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

PURPOSE: The combination of a neourethra and erection prosthesis in a single neophallus in the female-to-male transsexual remains a challenge. The outcome reported in the literature is disappointing. We report our experience with 35 patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 1996 and December 2001, 35 patients underwent implantation surgery. A 1-piece hydraulic Dynaflex prosthesis (American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, Minnesota) was used in 10 patients, while a 3-piece hydraulic CXM and CX (American Medical Systems) prosthesis was placed in 9 and 16, respectively. The 1-piece model was withdrawn from the market in 1997. Thereafter a 3-piece prosthesis was implanted. RESULTS: Of 10 patients in the 1-piece group prosthesis implantation was uneventful in 8. In 2 patients with technical failure the prosthesis was replaced, including 1 in whom the new prosthesis was removed due to infection and successfully replaced by a 3-piece prosthesis. To date at a mean followup of 3.5 years 9 patients have a 1-piece hydraulic prosthesis in place. In the 3-piece prosthesis group of 25 patients implantation was uneventful in 20. In 1 patient infection and partial necrosis of the neophallus developed, 2 had infection, in 1 a cylinder perforated the tip of the phallus and in 1 technical failure occurred. Of the latter 4 patients the prosthesis was replaced successfully in 2 patients, while the other 2 are on the waiting list. The patient with partial necrosis of the phallus is no longer a candidate for an erection prosthesis. To date at a mean followup of 1.8 years 23 patients have a 3-piece hydraulic prosthesis in place. A single patient in the 1-piece group has a 3-piece CX prosthesis. CONCLUSIONS: Good results were observed after implantation of the Dynaflex prosthesis in patients who underwent total phalloplasty. This model is no longer available today. For the more complex 3-piece CX and CXM prostheses implantation results are comparable to those of the 1-piece model.

PMID: 12478140 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
1: Eur Urol. 2002 Sep;42(3):245-53; discussion 252-3. Related Articles, Links
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A new technique for augmentation phalloplasty: albugineal surgery with bilateral saphenous grafts--three years of experience.

Austoni E, Guarneri A, Cazzaniga A.

Division of Urology, University of Milan, Ospedale S Giuseppe, Via S Vittore 12, 21123, Milan, Italy.

OBJECTIVES: Penile augmentation surgery is a highly controversial issue due to the low level of standardisation of surgical techniques. The aim of the study is to illustrate a new technique to solve the problem of enlarging the penis by means of additive surgery on the albuginea of the corpora cavernosa, guaranteeing a real increase in size of the erect penis. METHODS: Between 1995 and 1997, 39 patients who requested an increase in the diameter of their penises underwent augmentation phalloplasty with bilateral saphena grafts. The patients considered eligible for surgery were patients with either hypoplasia of the penis or functional penile dysmorphophobia. All the patients included in our study presented normal erection at screening. The average penis diameter in a flaccid state and during erection was found to be 2.1cm (1.6-2.7 cm) and 2.9 cm (2.2-3.7 cm), respectively.Before surgery the patients were informed of the experimental nature of the surgical procedure. The increase in volume of the corpora cavernosa was achieved by applying saphena grafts to longitudinal openings made bilaterally in the albuginea along the whole length of the penis. RESULTS: No major complications and specifically no losses of sensitivity of the penis or erection deficiencies occurred during the post-operative follow-up period. All the patients resumed their sexual activity in 4 months. A measurement of the penile dimensions was carried out 9 months after surgery. No clinical meaningful increases in the diameter of the flaccid penis were documented. The average penis diameter during erection was found to be 4.2 cm (3.4-4.9) with post-surgery increases in diameter varying from 1.1 to 2.1cm (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The penile enlargement phalloplasty technique with albuginea surgery suggested by the authors definitely is indicated for increasing the volume of the corpora cavernosa during erection. Albuginea surgery with saphena grafts has been found to be free from aesthetic and functional complications with excellent patient satisfaction.

PMID: 12234509 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
1: J Urol. 2001 Aug;166(2):597-9. Related Articles, Links
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Complete phalloplasty using the free radial forearm flap for correcting micropenis associated with vesical exstrophy.

De Fontaine S, Lorea P, Wespes E, Schulman C, Goldschmidt D.

Plastic Surgery and Urology Departments, University Hospital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium.

PURPOSE: We present a new surgical technique for reconstructing the penis in a man with micropenis associated with vesical exstrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A free radial forearm flap was used to create a penis of normal length and diameter. The flap was wrapped around the native micropenis. A penile prosthesis was then inserted in the flap to provide erection. RESULTS: The flap was well vascularized and no skin damage was observed 6 years after reconstruction. The patient achieved sexual intercourse on a regular basis. He is satisfied with the result. CONCLUSIONS: Free transfer of the radial forearm flap may be done in select men with micropenis associated with vesical exstrophy for penile reconstruction. An inflatable prosthesis may be inserted in the flap to provide erection. The results of this technique have remained stable in the long term. This method provides a new tool for phalloplasty in these difficult cases.

PMID: 11458075 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
21: Marten Perolino R. Related Articles, Links
Abstract [Reconstructive phalloplasty]
Arch Ital Urol Androl. 1998 Dec;70(5):247-9. Italian.
PMID: 9882907 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
22: Randone D, Giargia E, Neira D. Related Articles, Links
Abstract [Augmentation phalloplasty according to the G. Tritto technique]
Arch Ital Urol Androl. 1998 Dec;70(5):235-9. Review. Italian.
PMID: 9882905 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
23: Fang RH, Kao YS, Ma S, Lin JT. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Glans sculpting in phalloplasty--experiences in female-to-male transsexuals.
Br J Plast Surg. 1998 Jul;51(5):376-9.
PMID: 9771364 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
24: Mikhailichenko VV, Kochish AIu, Vavilov VN, Fesenko VN. Related Articles, Links
Abstract [A method of phalloplasty using a non-free skin-fat flap from the thigh]
Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1998;157(3):53-5. Russian.
PMID: 9751972 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
25: Ochoa B. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Trauma of the external genitalia in children: amputation of the penis and emasculation.
J Urol. 1998 Sep;160(3 Pt 2):1116-9; discussion 1137.
PMID: 9719288 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
26: Sano K, Terashima K, Hizukuri K, Tachibana K, Tanaka Y. Related Articles, Links
Abstract [A case of male dysgenetic pseudohermaphroditism detected by the rapid growth of phallus]
Hinyokika Kiyo. 1998 Jan;44(1):57-9. Japanese.
PMID: 9503212 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
27: Capelouto CC, Orgill DP, Loughlin KR. Related Articles, Links
No abstract Complete phalloplasty with a prelaminated osteocutaneous fibula flap.
J Urol. 1997 Dec;158(6):2238-9. No abstract available.
PMID: 9366358 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
28: Hage JJ, Winters HA, Van Lieshout J. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Fibula free flap phalloplasty: modifications and recommendations.
Microsurgery. 1996;17(7):358-65.
PMID: 9379882 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
29: Burnett AL. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Fascia lata in penile reconstructive surgery: a reappraisal of the fascia lata graft.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 1997 Apr;99(4):1061-7.
PMID: 9091903 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
30: Hage JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Dynaflex prosthesis in total phalloplasty.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 1997 Feb;99(2):479-85.
PMID: 9030158 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
31: Chesson RR, Gilbert DA, Jordan GH, Schlossberg SM, Ramsey GT, Gilbert DM. Related Articles, Links
Abstract The role of colpocleisis with urethral lengthening in transsexual phalloplasty.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Dec;175(6):1443-9; discussion 1449-50.
PMID: 8987923 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
32: Hage JJ, Winters HA. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Salvage of a "free flap" phalloplasty by distal arteriovenous fistula: case report.
J Reconstr Microsurg. 1996 Jul;12(5):279-82.
PMID: 8835825 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
33: Bodlund O, Kullgren G. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Transsexualism--general outcome and prognostic factors: a five-year follow-up study of nineteen transsexuals in the process of changing sex.
Arch Sex Behav. 1996 Jun;25(3):303-16.
PMID: 8726553 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
34: Shcheplev PA, Adamian RG, Abbakumov LA, Amosov FR. Related Articles, Links
Abstract [Subtotal and total urethroplasty in men using a free vascularized radial skin flap]
Urol Nefrol (Mosk). 1996 May-Jun;(3):36-9. Russian.
PMID: 8928331 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
35: Nikolova-Vateva A, Katsarov M, Panchev P, Evstatiev D. Related Articles, Links
Abstract [The 1st steps in the surgical treatment of transsexualism in Bulgaria]
Khirurgiia (Sofiia). 1996;49(1):40-1. Bulgarian.
PMID: 8975089 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
36: Hage JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Metaidoioplasty: an alternative phalloplasty technique in transsexuals.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 1996 Jan;97(1):161-7.
PMID: 8532774 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
37: Alter GJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Augmentation phalloplasty.
Urol Clin North Am. 1995 Nov;22(4):887-902.
PMID: 7483137 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
38: Perovic S. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Phalloplasty in children and adolescents using the extended pedicle island groin flap.
J Urol. 1995 Aug;154(2 Pt 2):848-53.
PMID: 7609196 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
39: Hage JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Medical requirements and consequences of sex reassignment surgery.
Med Sci Law. 1995 Jan;35(1):17-24.
PMID: 7877467 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
40: Jordan GH, Alter GJ, Gilbert DA, Horton CE, Devine CJ Jr. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Penile prosthesis implantation in total phalloplasty.
J Urol. 1994 Aug;152(2 Pt 1):410-4.
PMID: 8015083 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
41: Fang RH, Lin JT, Ma S. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Phalloplasty for female transsexuals with sensate free forearm flap.
Microsurgery. 1994;15(5):349-52.
PMID: 7934804 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
42: Hage JJ. Related Articles, Links
No abstract Phalloplasty for female transsexuals.
Microsurgery. 1994;15(12):895. No abstract available.
PMID: 7707933 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
43: Hage JJ, Bloem JJ, Suliman HM. Related Articles, Links
No abstract Review of the literature on techniques for phalloplasty with emphasis on the applicability in female-to-male transsexuals.
J Urol. 1993 Oct;150(4):1093-8. Review. No abstract available.
PMID: 8371361 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
44: Sengezer M, Sadove RC. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Scrotal construction by expansion of labia majora in biological female transsexuals.
Ann Plast Surg. 1993 Oct;31(4):372-6.
PMID: 8239440 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
45: Hage JJ, de Graaf FH, van den Hoek J, Bloem JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Phallic construction in female-to-male transsexuals using a lateral upper arm sensate free flap and a bladder mucosa graft.
Ann Plast Surg. 1993 Sep;31(3):275-80.
PMID: 8239421 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
46: Hage JJ, de Graaf FH, Bouman FG, Bloem JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Sculpturing the glans in phalloplasty.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 1993 Jul;92(1):157-61; discussion 162. Review.
PMID: 8516394 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
47: Gilbert DA, Jordan GH, Devine CJ Jr, Winslow BH, Schlossberg SM. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Phallic construction in prepubertal and adolescent boys.
J Urol. 1993 Jun;149(6):1521-6.
PMID: 8501802 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
48: Hage JJ, Bouman FG, de Graaf FH, Bloem JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Construction of the neophallus in female-to-male transsexuals: the Amsterdam experience.
J Urol. 1993 Jun;149(6):1463-8.
PMID: 8501789 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
49: Hage JJ, Bouman FG, Bloem JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Preconstruction of the pars pendulans urethrae for phalloplasty in female-to-male transsexuals.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 1993 Jun;91(7):1303-7.
PMID: 8497531 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
50: Hage JJ, Bloem JJ, Bouman FG. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Obtaining rigidity in the neophallus of female-to-male transsexuals: a review of the literature.
Ann Plast Surg. 1993 Apr;30(4):327-33. Review.
PMID: 8512288 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
51: Hage JJ, Bout CA, Bloem JJ, Megens JA. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Phalloplasty in female-to-male transsexuals: what do our patients ask for?
Ann Plast Surg. 1993 Apr;30(4):323-6.
PMID: 8512287 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
52: Lief HI, Hubschman L. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Orgasm in the postoperative transsexual.
Arch Sex Behav. 1993 Apr;22(2):145-55.
PMID: 8476334 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
53: Hage JJ, Bloem JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Review of the literature on construction of a neourethra in female-to-male transsexuals.
Ann Plast Surg. 1993 Mar;30(3):278-86. Review.
PMID: 8494313 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
54: Coleman E, Bockting WO, Gooren L. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Homosexual and bisexual identity in sex-reassigned female-to-male transsexuals.
Arch Sex Behav. 1993 Feb;22(1):37-50.
PMID: 8435038 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
55: Fisch M, Wammack R, Ahlers J, Sennerich T, Muller SC, Hohenfellner R. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Osseous fixation of a penile prosthesis after transsexual phalloplasty: a case report.
J Urol. 1993 Jan;149(1):122-5.
PMID: 8417192 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
56: Noordanus RP, Hage JJ. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Late salvage of a "free flap" phalloplasty: a case report.
Microsurgery. 1993;14(9):599-600.
PMID: 8289644 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
57: Hage JJ, De Graaf FH. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Addressing the ideal requirements by free flap phalloplasty: some reflections on refinements of technique.
Microsurgery. 1993;14(9):592-8.
PMID: 8289643 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
58: Gilbert DA, Jordan GH, Devine CJ Jr, Winslow BH. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Microsurgical forearm "cricket bat-transformer" phalloplasty.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 1992 Oct;90(4):711-6.
PMID: 1410012 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
59: Young VL, Khouri RK, Lee GW, Nemecek JA. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Advances in total phalloplasty and urethroplasty with microvascular free flaps.
Clin Plast Surg. 1992 Oct;19(4):927-38. Review.
PMID: 1339647 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
60: Hage JJ, Bouman FG. Related Articles, Links
Abstract Silicone genital prosthesis for female-to-male transsexuals.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 1992 Sep;90(3):516-9.
PMID: 1513902 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]